Panjabi 75 million
Saraiki 15 million
Hindko 5.8 million
Sindhi 11.8% 18.5 million
Mohajirs (Urdu-speaking) 7.6%.
Indian Muslim immigrants at time of independence found mainly in Karachi and Hyderabad.
Northern peoples 2%. Numerous smaller groups
Khowari (Chitrali) 370,000
Tribal peoples of Sindh 1%
Marwari Bhil (Dhatki, 3) 256,000
Meghwar Bhil 220,000
Pathan 13.1%. Speaking Pushtu (Pashtun), twomain groups:
Pakhtun (mainly Pakistan) 8.1million
Pashtun (mainly Afghan – manyrefugees) 12.3 million
(straddling the Afghanborder.)
Baluch 4.2%. in the west 6.7 milllion
Brahui live among the Baluch 2.6 million
Tibetan 0.5%. In the far north and Kashmir:
Literacy 38% officially, many estimate it is nearer25%
Official language Urdu, which is becoming widely used by all
Pakistan is an Islamic republic. The government has pursued a policy of Islamic interpretation of the legal system, taxation, public life and discrimination against all Muslim and non-Muslim religious minorities despite widespread popular misgivings. Shari’a law has been increasingly applied – even to Christians and Hindus – despite its contravention of the constitution. This gives numerous opportunities for the majority Sunni Muslims to oppress and persecute Shi’a Muslims, Ahmaddiya, Hindus and Christians. Yet, there remains a surprising degree of religious freedom and the government regularly assures minorities of their freedom and opportunities under the law.
Religion type: % ofpopulation Approx number
Muslim 96.08 150,349,015
Christian 2.31 3,614,761
Hindu 1.50 2,347,247
Baha’I 0.06 93,890
Other 0.03 46,945
Traditional ethnic 0.02 31,297
- Pray for the binding of the spirit of lawlessness andviolence that has crippled this nation and for the raising up of leadersof integrity.
- Pray for new believers, for their protection,multiplication, and good integration into culturally appropriate Christianfellowships. Often such believers have the double trauma of rejection bytheir community and then non-acceptance by the Christian community.
- Pray for believers, for spiritual leadership, for courageto share their faith, for unity, and for a missionary vision.
- Pray for the unreached and unevangelized.
Area: 796,095 square kilometers, which includes83,700 square kilometers of the third of Kashmir controlled by Pakistan. Thereare arid mountains in the north and west and the Sindh desert in the southeast.There are vast irrigation schemes in the fertile Indus valley.
Islamabad 1.1 million
Karachi 11.9 million
Lahore 6.25 million
Faisalabad 2.3 million
Rawalpindi 2.1 million
Multan 1.5 million
Gujranwala 1.45 million
Hyderabad 1.4 million
The main exports are sports goods, textiles, garments and heroin. Wealthy families control much of the agricultural land and commerce.About 40% of government income is spent on the military and development of nuclear weapons. Other factors besieging the economy include uncontrolled population growth, lack of water and land, plus the effects of the Afghanistan wars and refugees, and a high level of corruption. The infrastructure of the country is being eroded through lack of investment. The extreme Islamist movement is deeply influencing the state such that economic collapse could be hastened.